The gallery is divided into sections of related images with a common theme. Each section is named for a historical mathematician, with each image assigned a number.
Bhāskara II was a 12th-century Indian mathematician who, 500 years before Newton, was doing work on differential calculus. He is also famous for the idea that division by zero equals infinity.
The Euler gallery explores various recurrence relations trapped by circles and rings. Named for Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician in the 1700’s, famous for forming the identity
exp(iπ) = -1, which has been called “the most beautiful mathematical formula ever”.
The Fourier gallery images involve periodic functions, either in the recurrence relation or orbit traps. Joseph Fourier worked with such periodic functions, developing a trigonometric series later named in his honor, for solving equations involving heat transfer.
Gerolamo Cardano was a renaissance physician and mathematician who developed many of the early aspects of probability theory and statistics and was one of the first to make full use of negative numbers. Cardano is also recognized for developing the gimbal and combination lock.
The Leibniz gallery features images inspired by nature. Gottfried Leibniz was a German mathematician during the Enlightenment. He developed the fundamentals of calculus, but also made several discoveries in life sciences and psychology.
The Euclid gallery gets back to basics of geometry with concepts based on simple shapes, parametric curves, and colors. The Elements, an ancient Greek book on mathematics and geometric principles, is attributed to Euclid of Alexandria.
The Buddhabrot is a rendering of the traditional Mandelbrot fractal using orbit density rather than escape time to determine the coloring. Its name comes from the similarity to Budai, known as the “Fat Buddha”. Here are three different renderings of this fractal.
Hippasus, the ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher, is credited for discovering irrational numbers.